Want to get started? Take a look at look at the following survey publications by RAS scientific staff (in collaboration with students and industry), which provide overviews of the current state-of-the-art, as well as potential applications and views on where autonomous shipping can go the coming years.
- Maritime ecosystem: Smart ships and the changing maritime ecosystem
SmartPort White Paper, 30 pp., September 2018.
- Defining autonomy levels: Survey on autonomous surface vessels: Part I – A new detailed definition of autonomy levels
In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computational Logistics (ICCL 2017), Southampton, UK, pp. 219-233, October 2017.
- Prototypes and applications: Survey on autonomous surface vessels: Part II – Categorization of 60 prototypes and future applications
In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computational Logistics (ICCL 2017), Southampton, UK, pp. 234-252, October 2017.
- Cooperative control: Survey on cooperative control for waterborne transport
IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 71-90, 2020.
- Collision avoidance: Ship collision avoidance methods: State-of-the-art
Safety Science, vol. 121 (2020), pp. 451-473, 2019.
- Motion control: State-of-the-art research on motion control of maritime autonomous surface ships
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, vol. 7, no. 12, December 2019. Open access.
- Application, technology and infrastructure: Autonomous surface vessels in ports: Applications, technology and port infrastructures
In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computational Logistics (ICCL 2018), Vietri sul Mare, Italy, pp. 85-105, October 2018.
- Short-term technology developments: Survey on short-term technology developments and readiness levels for autonomous shipping
In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computational Logistics (ICCL 2018), Vietri sul Mare, Italy, pp. 106-123, October 2018.
- Collaborative shipping: The Collaborative Autonomous Shipping Experiment (CASE): Motivations, theory, infrastructure, and experimental challenges
In Proceedings of the 2020 International Ship Control Systems Symposium (iSCSS 2020), Delft, The Netherlands, October 2020.